Mount Kilimanjaro – World’s Tallest Free-Standing Mountain
The highest peak of Africa, Kilimanjaro, stands at 5895 m (19341 feet), making it among the World's seven summits. Situated in Tanzania, the mountain is the World's highest free-standing mountain. The Uhuru mountain is a dormant volcano consisting of three volcanic cones.
Kilimanjaro – Mountain Created from Volcanic Activity
The mountain is believed to have had three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. Kibo is the tallest of all is located at the peak and is said to have formed 460,000 years ago. Mawenzi is the third highest peak standing at 5,149 m. Shira, however, has deformed to become a plateau.
Famous Tourist Destination
Being the highest peak of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro attracts climbers from around the world. Nearly 35,000 to 50,000 people participate in the Uhuru summit annually, making it one of the most visited destinations by foreign tourists. However, despite being the easiest to climb, almost 50% of the climbers fail to reach the top.
The Effect of Climate Change
Mount Kilimanjaro has witnessed the most drastic effect of climate change. The glacier-formed on top of the mountain about 11,000 years ago has shrunk up to 82% over the past century. This spontaneous melting of the glacier indicates the effects of climate change.
Best Time to Climb
It is usually advised to climb during the seasonal shifts, between wet and dry seasons, to experience good and fair weather. You can also make the summit in the short rainy seasons if you have prior climbing and camping experience in the rain.